Cranor, Carl F
- College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences
Carl F. Cranor (Ph.D. UCLA, M.S.L., Yale Law School) is Distinguished Professor of Philosophy and a faculty member of the Environmental Toxicology Graduate Program at the University of California, Riverside. His generic research interests are in legal and moral philosophy. For more than 25 years he has focused on philosophic issues concerning risks, science and the law, writing on the regulation of carcinogens and developmental toxicants, the use of scientific evidence in legal decisions, the idea of acceptable risks, protection of susceptible populations, and how society might approach the regulation of new technologies and toxicants.
His research has been supported by grants from the National Science Foundation, the University of California Toxic Substances Research and Teaching Program, and the University of California’s Biotechnology Program, totally nearly $1 million. He has served on science advisory panels (California’s Proposition 65 Panel, its Electric and Magnetic Fields Panel, and its Nanotechnology Panel) as well as on Institute of Medicine and National Academy of Sciences Committees.
- MS Law 1981
- Yale Law School
- Ph.D. Philosophy 1971
- University of California, Los Angeles
2007-08 Honors Professor of the Year, UCR Honors Program
2007-08 Distinguished Campus Service Award, UCR Academic Senate
2004-06 Institute of Medicine, Committee to Evaluate Measures of Health Benefits for Environmental Health, and Safety Regulation
2003 Elected Fellow, Collegium Ramazinni
1998 Elected Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science; Societal Impacts of Science & Engineering
1997 Distinguished Humanist Achievement Lecture, UC Riverside, Ideas and Society
1990 National Academy of Sciences Panel to Czechoslovakian Academy of Science, “Pesticides and Agriculture: Risks and Alternatives”
1985-86 Congressional Fellow, American Philosophical Association
1980-81 Fellow, American Council of Learned Societies
1980-81 Fellow, Master of Studies in Law, Yale Law School
Legal Philosophy; Philosophic Issues in Science and the Law; Moral Philosophy; Regulatory Policy; Political Philosophy
Books and Collections:
Legally Poisoned: How the Law Puts Us at Risk from Toxicants, Harvard University Press, 2011
Toxic Torts: Science Law and the Possibility of Justice, Cambridge University Press, 2006, 2007 (paperback)
Valuing Health: Cost Effectiveness Analysis for Regulation, eds. Wilhelmine Miller, Lisa A. Robinson, and Robert S. Lawrence, (Institute of Medicine Committee to Evaluate Measures of Health Benefits for Environmental, Health, and Safety Regulation with numerous co-authors (Washington, D.C.: Institute of Medicine, National Academies Press, 2006), 364 pp.
Are Genes Us? The Social Consequences of the New Genetics (ed.), Rutgers University Press, 1994
Regulating Toxic Substances: A Philosophy of Science and the Law, Oxford University Press, 1993 (Paperback 1997)
Recent Articles (selected):
“Collective and Individual Duties to Reduce Global Warming,” in Economic Thought and U.S. climate Change Policy, ed. David M. Driesen, (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010), pp. 153-169.
“(Almost) Equal Protection for Genetically Susceptible Subpopulations: A Hybrid Regulatory-Compensation Proposal,” in Genomics and Environmental Policy, ed. Gary Marchant (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008), pp. 267-289.
“Do You Want to Bet Your Children’s Health on Post-Market Harm Principles? An Argument for A Trespass or Permission Model for Regulating Toxicants, Villanova Environmental Law Journal Vol. XIX, Issue 2 (2008), pp. 251-314.
“Risk Assessment, Susceptible Subpopulations and Environmental Justice,” in The Law of Environmental Justice, 2d Edition, ed. Michael B. Gerrard and Sheila Foster (The American Bar Association: 2008), pp. 341-394.
“The Legal Failure to Prevent Sub-clinical Toxicity,” Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology Vol. 102, No. 2 (February 2008), pp. 267-273.
“A Framework for Assessing Scientific Arguments: Gaps, Relevance, and Integrated Evidence,” in the Journal of Law and Policy, Vol. XV, No. 1, pp. 7-58 (2007).
“Toward a Non-Consequentialist Theory of Acceptable Risks,” in Risk and Philosophy, Routledge, ed. Tim Lewens (2007), pp. 36-53.
"Scientific Inferences in the Laboratory and the Law", the American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 95, pp. 121-128 (2005)
"Assessing Some of the Regulatory Approaches to Transgenic Plants: What Can We Learn from the Regulation of Other Technologies?" Envrionmental Biosafety Research 3 (2004) 29–43.
"How Should Society Approach the Real and Potential Risks Posed by New Technologies?" Editor's Choice Series in Agricultural Ethics, Plant Physiology, pp. 3–9 (2003).
"What Could Precautionary Science Be? Research for Early Warnings and a Better Future," in Precaution: Environmental Science and Preventive Public Policy, ed. Joel A. Tickner ( Washington, D.C. : Island Press, 2003), pp. 305–320.
"Learning from the Law to Address Uncertainty in the Precautionary Principle," Science and Engineering Ethics, Vol. 7, (2001), pp. 313–326.
"Scientific Ignorance and Reliable Patterns of Evidence in Toxic Tort Causation: Is There a Need for Liability Reform?" (with D.A. Eastmond), Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol.64, No. 4 (Autumn 2001), pp. 5-48.
"Eggshell Skulls and Loss of Hair from Fright: Some Moral and Legal Principles which Protect Susceptible Subpopulations," Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, Vol. 4, pp. 239-45, 1998
"Improving the Regulation of Carcinogens by Expediting Cancer Potency Estimation," Sara M. Hoover, Lauren Zeise, William S. Pease, Louise E. Lee, Mark P. Henning, Laura B. Weiss, and Carl Cranor, Risk Analysis, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 267-80, 1995
"The Social Benefits of Expedited Risk Assessment," Risk Analysis, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 353-58, 1995